Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf

Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf

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Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf

Organic Chemistry

1. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Chemistry of Halogenated Hydrocarbons)

Alkyl halides: Methods of preparation, nucleophilic substitution reactions SN1, SN2 and SNi mechanisms with stereochemical aspects and effect of solvent etc.; nucleophilic substitution vs. elimination. Aryl halides: Preparation, including preparation from diazonium salts, nucleophilic aromatic substitution; SNAr, Benzyne mechanism. Relative reactivity of alkyl, allyl/benzyl, vinyl and aryl halides towards nucleophilic substitution reactions. Organometallic compounds of Mg and Li use in synthesis of organic compounds.

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2. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Alcohols, Phenols And Ethers)

Alcohols: preparation, properties and relative reactivity of 1°, 2°, 3° alcohols, Bouveault-Blanc Reduction; Preparation and properties of glycols: Oxidation by periodic acid and lead tetraacetate, Pinacol-Pinacolone rearrangement; Phenols: Preparation and properties; Acidity and factors effecting it, Ring substitution reactions, Reimer-Tiemann and Kolbes-Schmidt Reactions, Fries and Claisen rearrangements with mechanism; Ethers and Epoxides: Preparation and reactions with acids. Reactions of epoxides with alcohols, ammonia
derivatives and LiAlH4.

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3. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Carbonyl Compounds)

Structure, reactivity and preparation: Nucleophilic additions, Nucleophilic addition-elimination reactions with ammonia derivatives with mechanism; Mechanisms of Aldol and Benzoin condensation, Knoevenagel condensation, Perkin, Cannizzaro and Wittig reaction, Beckmann rearrangements, haloform reaction and Baeyer Villiger oxidation, - substitution reactions, oxidations and reductions (Clemmensen, Wolf-Kishner, LiAlH4, NaBH4, MPV); Addition reactions of unsaturated carbonyl compounds: Michael addition. Active methylene compounds: Keto-enol tautomerism. Preparation and synthetic applications of diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate.

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Inorganic, Organic And Physical Chemistry

1. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Organometallic Compounds)

Definition and classification of organometallic compounds on the basis of bond type. Concept of hapticity of organic ligands. Metal carbonyls: 18 electron rule, electron count of mononuclear, polynuclear and substituted metal carbonyls of 3d series. General methods of preparation (direct combination, reductive carbonylation, thermal and photochemical decomposition) of mono and binuclear carbonyls of 3d series. Structures of mononuclear and binuclear carbonyls of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni using VBT. - acceptor behaviour of CO (MO diagram of CO to be discussed), Synergic effect and use of IR data to explain extent of back bonding. Zeise’s Salt: Preparation and structure, evidences of synergic effect and comparison of synergic effect with that in carbonyls.

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2. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Carbohydrates)

Occurrence, classification and their biological importance. Monosaccharides: Constitution and absolute configuration of glucose and fructose, epimers and anomers, mutarotation, determination of ring size of glucose and fructose, Haworth projections and conformational structures; Inter conversions of aldoses and ketoses; Killiani-Fischer synthesis and Ruff degradation; Disaccharides Structure elucidation of maltose. Polysaccharides Elementary treatment of starch, cellulose.

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3. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Heterocyclic Compounds)

Classification and nomenclature, Structure, aromaticity in 5-numbered and 6-membered rings containing one heteroatom; Synthesis, reactions and mechanism of substitution reactions of: Furan, Pyrrole (Paal-Knorr synthesis, Knorr pyrrole synthesis, Hantzsch synthesis), Thiophene, Pyridine (Hantzsch synthesis), Pyrimidine. Fischer indole synthesis and Madelung synthesis, structure of quinoline and isoquinoline. Derivatives of furan: Furfural and furoic acid (preparation only).

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4. Bsc 2nd Year Chemistry Notes Pdf (Photochemistry)

Characteristics of electromagnetic radiation, Lambert-Beers law and its limitations, physical significance of absorption coefficients. Laws, of photochemistry, quantum yield, examples
of low and high quantum yields, photochemical equilibrium and the differential rate of photochemical photosensitised reactions, quenching. Role of photochemical reactions in biochemical processes, photostationary states, chemiluminescence.

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