Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf

Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf

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Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf

Cell Biology, Genetic And Plant Breeding

Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Cell Biology)

  • Cell, the unit of life- Cell theory, Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Eukaryotic cell components.
  • Ultra structure and functions of cell wall and cell membranes.
  • Chromosomes: morphology, organization of DNA in a chromosome (nucleosome model), Euchromatin and heterochromatin.

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Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Genetic Material)

  • DNA as the genetic material: Griffith’s and Avery’s transformation experiment.
  • Hershey – Chase bacteriophage experiment.
  • DNA structure (Watson & Crick model) and replication of DNA (semi-conservative) .
  • Types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA, rRNA), their structure and function.

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Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Mendelian Inheritance)

  • Mendel’s laws of Inheritance (Mono- and Di- hybrid crosses); backcross and test cross. 
  • Chromosome theory of Inheritance.
  • Linkage: concept, complete and incomplete linkage, coupling and repulsion; linkage maps based on two and three factor crosses. 
  • Crossing Over: concept & significance.

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Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Plant Breeding)

  • Introduction and Objectives of plant breeding.
  • Methods of crop improvement: Procedure, advantages and limitations of Introduction, Selection, and Hybridization (outlines only).

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Plant Ecology And Phytogeography

Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Elements of Ecology)

  • Ecology: definition, branches and significance of ecology.
  • Climatic Factors: Light, Temperature, precipitation.
  • Edaphic Factor: Origin, formation, composition and soil profile.
  • Biotic Factor: Interactions between plants and animals.

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Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Ecosystem Ecology)

  • Ecosystem: Concept and components, energy flow, Food chain, Food web, Ecological pyramids.
  • Productivity of ecosystem-Primary, Secondary and Net productivity.
  • Biogeochemical cycles- Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorous.
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Click here to get bsc 3rd year botany ecosystem ecology notes pdf

Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Population And Community Ecology)

  • Population -definition, characteristics and importance, outlines –ecotypes.
  • Plant communities- characters of a community, outlines – Frequency, density, cover, life forms, competition. 
  • Interaction between plants growing in a community.
  • Click here to get bsc 3rd year botany population and community ecology notes pdf

Click here to get bsc 3rd year botany population and community ecology notes pdf

Bsc 3rd Year Botany Notes Pdf (Phytogeography)

  • Principles of Phytogeography, Distribution (wides, endemic, discontinuous species)
  • Phytogeographic regions of India.
  • Phytogeographic regions of World.
  • Endemism – types and causes.

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